However, for the Filipino masses, who saw the war against the Americans as a continuing struggle for independence, their resistance lasted longer. This is also referred to as "American Imperialism," which some regard as an extension of the concept of Manifest Destiny. The notion of American Exceptionalism and its form of imperialism became known as different from previous empires. The United States chose to use its position to defend, nurture and spread democracy ; to establish freedom, justice, and free market economics.
The terms of the pact called for Aguinaldo and his militia to surrender. Other revolutionary leaders were given amnesty and a monetary indemnity by the Spanish government in return for which the rebel government agreed to go into exile in Hong Kong.
American attention was focused on the issue after the mysterious explosion that sank the American battleship Maine on February 15, in Havana Harbor.
As public political pressure from the Democratic Party and certain industrialists built up for war, the U. Spain found it had no diplomatic support in Europe, but nevertheless declared war ; the U.
Keep full of coal. In the event of declaration of war Spain, your duty will be to see that the Spanish squadron does not leave the Asiatic coast, and then offensive operations in Philippine Islands. Dewey cabled Washingtonstating that although he controlled Manila Bay, he needed 5, additional men to seize Manila itself.
The United States Army began to assemble the Eighth Army Corps —a military unit which would consist of 10, soldiers under the command of Major General Wesley Merritt —in preparation for deployment to the Philippines.
Aguinaldo arrived on May 19 and, after a brief meeting with Dewey, resumed revolutionary activities against the Spanish.
On May 24, Aguinaldo issued a proclamation in which he assumed command of all Philippine forces and announced his intention to establish a dictatorial government with himself as dictator, saying that he would resign in favor of a duly elected president.
Many Filipino enlisted men deserted local Spanish army units to join Aguinaldo's command and the Philippine Revolution against Spain resumed.
General Anderson wrote to Aguinaldo, requesting his cooperation in military operations against the Spanish forces.
General Anderson did not renew the request. Spencer Pratt had assured him in Singapore: Dayexplaining the details of his meeting with Aguinaldo: Pratt had intended to facilitate the occupation and administration of the Philippines, and also to prevent a possible conflict of action.
In a communication written on July 28, Pratt made the following statement: To obtain the unconditional personal assistance of General Aguinaldo in the expedition to Manila was proper, if in so doing he was not induced to form hopes which it might not be practicable to gratify.
This Government has known the Philippine insurgents only as discontented and rebellious subjects of Spain, and is not acquainted with their purposes.
While their contest with that power has been a matter of public notoriety, they have neither asked nor received from this Government any recognition. The United States, in entering upon the occupation of the islands, as the result of its military operations in that quarter, will do so in the exercise of the rights which the state of war confers, and will expect from the inhabitants, without regard to their former attitude toward the Spanish Government, that obedience which will be lawfully due from them.They [the Filipinos] are a barbarous race, modified by three centuries of contact with a decadent race [the Spanish] It is barely possible that 1, men in all the archipelago are capable of self-government in the Anglo-Saxon sense.
Filipinos had been fighting the Spanish when the Americans defeated them in Cuba and Puerto Rico. On December 21, , President William Mckinley announced his decision to keep the Philippines as an American colonial possession in .
The history of the Philippines from to covers the period of American rule in the Philippines and began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April , when the Philippines was still part of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognised the independence of the Republic of the.
The Filipinos were weak, inexperienced and not ready to establish their own government and self rule themselves. During the time of the annexation, the Americans needed a strategic place in that part of the world to protect their interests, expand their trading partners and show the world they were a power to be reckoned with in spreading.
For General Studies Mains paper 1: What is Imperialism?
What is Colonization? What is industrial revolution? How did they affect modern world history? Filipinos (Filipino: Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the initiativeblog.comnos come from various ethnolinguistic groups that are native to the island country.
Currently, there are more than ethnolinguistic groups, each with its own language, identity, culture and history.