Lack of documentation, misconfigured applications, log retention. Responsibilities for the Security Shift Report Security officers are responsible for completing accurate, When to write an incident report.
Based on beliefs about the structure of language and descriptive or contrastive linguistics. Involves isolation of grammatical and syntactic elements of L2 taught either deductively or inductively in a predetermined sequence. Often involves much meta-linguistic content or "learning about the language" in order to learn the language.
Based on theories of learning applied specifically to second language learning. Focus is on the learning strategies that are compatible with the learners own style. L2 content is selected according to concepts and techniques that facilitate generalizations about the language, memorization and "competence" leading to "performance".
Focuses on the psychological and affective pre-dispositions of the learner that enhance or inhibit learning. Emphasizes interaction among and between teacher and students and the atmosphere of the learning situation as well as students' motivation for learning.
Based on concepts adapted from counseling and social psychology. Based on theories of language acquisition, often referred to as the "natural" approach, and on the use of language for communication.
Encompasses multiple aspects of the communicative act, with language structures selected according to their utility in achieving a communicative purpose. Instruction is concerned with the input students receive, comprehension of the "message" of language and student involvement at the students' level of competence.
The approach was generalized to teaching modern languages. Classes are taught in the students' mother tongue, with little active use of the target language.
Vocabulary is taught in the form of isolated word lists. Elaborate explanations of grammar are always provided. Grammar instruction provides the rules for putting words together; instruction often focuses on the form and inflection of words.
Reading of difficult texts is begun early in the course of study. Little attention is paid to the content of texts, which are treated as exercises in grammatical analysis. Often the only drills are exercises in translating disconnected sentences from the target language into the mother tongue, and vice versa.
Little or no attention is given to pronunciation. The Direct Approach This approach was developed initially as a reaction to the grammar-translation approach in an attempt to integrate more use of the target language in instruction. Lessons begin with a dialogue using a modern conversational style in the target language.
Material is first presented orally with actions or pictures. There is no translation.
The preferred type of exercise is a series of questions in the target language based on the dialogue or an anecdotal narrative. Questions are answered in the target language.
Grammar is taught inductively—rules are generalized from the practice and experience with the target language.English Language Arts Standards» Introduction» Students Who are College and Career Ready in Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, & Language.
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Developing a High Quality Baseline Salimah Samji & Mona Sur World Bank, New Delhi June 21, Overview What is a baseline?
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