Chinese Legalism According to scholarly consensus, the earliest example of an administrative meritocracy, based on civil service examinations, dates back to Ancient China. This sets in motion the creation of the imperial examinations and bureaucracies open only to those who passed tests. Rank was determined by merit, through the civil service examinationsand education became the key for social mobility. According to the Princeton Encyclopedia on American History:
Critical Inquiry - Autumn Slavoj Zizek The Culturalization of Politics Why are today so many problems perceived as problems of intolerance, not as problems of inequality, exploitation, injustice? Why is the proposed remedy tolerance, not emancipation, political struggle, even armed struggle?
The cause of this culturalization is the retreat, failure, of direct political solutions Welfare State, socialist projects, etc.
Tolerance is their post-political ersatz: The retreat from more substantive visions of justice heralded by the promulgation of tolerance today is part of a more general depoliticization of citizenship and power and retreat from political life itself.
The cultivation of tolerance as a political end implicitly constitutes a rejection of politics as a domain in which conflict can be productively articulated and addressed, a domain in which citizens can be transformed by their participation.
The idea of culture as "second nature" is, of course, an old one. The "clash of civilizations" IS politics at the "end of history. This brings us to the next paradox: The basic opposition is thus related to the opposite between collective and individual: Since, however, every individual has to be somehow "particularized," it has to dwell in a particular life-world, the only way to resolve this deadlock is to split the individual into universal and particular, public and private where "private" covers both the "safe haven" of family and the non-state public sphere of civil society economy.
In liberalism, culture survives, but as privatized: Culture is thus literally transubstantiated: Wendy Brown problematizes this liberal notion on a multitude of levels: First, it is not truly universal, kulturlos.
Since, in our societies, a sexualized division of labor still predominates which confers a male twist on basic liberal categories autonomy, public activity, competitionand relegates women to the private sphere of family solidarity, etc.
Furthermore, it is only the modern Western capitalist culture for which autonomy, individual freedom, etc. It shows intolerance when individuals of other cultures are not given freedom of choice cliterodectomy, child brideship, infanticide, polygamy, family rape Finally, there are all the self-referring paradoxes centered on the impasse of tolerating intolerance.
However, Brown tries to get too much mileage from this self-referential paradox which a radical liberal would simply assume without any inconsistency: Is it not also a "paradox" that the allied block fought a brutal war against Fascism on behalf of tolerance and peace?
There are limits to tolerance, and to be tolerant towards intolerance means simply to support "tolerate" intolerance.John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
Free discipline papers, essays, and research papers. Discipline in the 80's Classroom - Growing up as child of the 80's and early 90's, if I went to school and received a paddling or spanking for doing something wrong, I was quite aware of, or at least had the knowledge of the bad behavior that was disregarded and the consequences of my inappropriate action.
Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō, and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος kratos "strength, power") is a political philosophy which holds that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of talent, effort, and achievement, rather than factors such as sexuality, race, gender, or wealth.
Advancement in such a system is based on. 各专业个人陈述 personal statement 范文模板 大全,Personal Statement,留学申请总结 选校排名信息,【引用】推荐 于娟 《此生未完成》,Application Essay 写作,一个口头offer,Personal Statement,政治学PS 写作,政治学 个人陈述 模板,Personal Statement 写作,个人陈述的网易博客,个人陈述 Statement of Purpose.
INTRODUCTION. Elsewhere on this web site, I have outlined in some detail explanations of both the American political system  and the British political system .As someone who is intensely interested in politics generally, and British and American politics most especially, I am fascinated by the many differences between the political scenes on .
David Hume (—) “Hume is our Politics, Hume is our Trade, Hume is our Philosophy, Hume is our Religion.” This statement by nineteenth century philosopher James Hutchison Stirling reflects the unique position in intellectual thought held by Scottish philosopher David Hume.
Part of Hume’s fame and importance owes to his boldly skeptical approach to a range of philosophical subjects.