B Du Bois represented two different points of view23 on how to secure African American civil rights.
Civil War Reconstruction failed to assure the full rights of citizens to the freed slaves. By the s, Ku Klux Klan terrorism, lynchings, racial-segregation laws, and voting restrictions made a mockery of the rights guaranteed by the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, which were passed after the Civil War.
The problem for African Americans in the early years of the 20th century was how to respond to a white society that for the most part did not want to treat black people as equals. Three black visionaries offered different solutions to the problem. Washington argued for African Americans to first improve themselves through education, industrial training, and business ownership.
Equal rights would naturally come later, he believed. Du Bois agreed that self-improvement was a good idea, but that it should not happen at the expense of giving up immediate full citizenship rights. Another visionary, Marcus Garvey, believed black Americans would never be accepted as equals in the United States.
He pushed for them to develop their own separate communities or even emigrate back to Africa. Washington was born a slave in Virginia in Early on in his life, he developed a thirst for reading and learning. After attending an elementary school for African-American children, Washington walked miles to enroll in Hampton Institute, one of the few black high schools in the South.
Working as a janitor to pay his tuition, Washington soon became the favorite pupil of Hampton's white founder, General Samuel Chapman Armstrong. Armstrong, a former Union officer, had developed a highly structured curriculum, stressing discipline, moral character, and training for practical trades.
Following his graduation from Hampton, for a few years Washington taught elementary school in his hometown.
InGeneral Armstrong invited him to return to teach at Hampton. A year later, Armstrong nominated Washington to head a new school in Tuskegee, Alabama, for the training of black teachers, farmers, and skilled workers.
Washington designed, developed, and guided the Tuskegee Institute.
It became a powerhouse of African-American education and political influence in the United States. He used the Hampton Institute, with its emphasis on agricultural and industrial training, as his model.
Washington argued that African Americans must concentrate on educating themselves, learning useful trades, and investing in their own businesses. Hard work, economic progress, and merit, he believed, would prove to whites the value of blacks to the American economy.
Washington believed that his vision for black people would eventually lead to equal political and civil rights. In the meantime, he advised blacks to put aside immediate demands for voting and ending racial segregation.
In his famous address to the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia, Washington accepted the reality of racial segregation. He insisted, however, that African Americans be included in the economic progress of the South.
Washington declared to an all-white audience, "In all things social we can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress.
With the aid of white philanthropists such as Andrew Carnegie, Washington's Tuskegee Institute and its philosophy of economics first and equal rights later thrived. Recognized by whites as the spokesman for his people, Washington soon became the most powerful black leader in the United States.
He had a say in political appointments and which African-American colleges and charities would get funding from white philanthropists. He controlled a number of newspapers that attacked anyone who questioned his vision. Washington considered himself a bridge between the races.W.E.B.
Du Bois and Booker T. Washington Essay Sample. Two great leaders of the black community in the late 19th and 20th century were W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington.
These men offer different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination facing Black Americans. AAAS African American Studies Readings, ; art, and music.
In these years the "New Negro" was born, as seen in the shift of black leadership from Booker T. Washington to that of W.E.B. Du Bois, from An exclamation of definitions of black history from W.
E. B. Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk and a survey of early black.
The strategies civil rights activists Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois proposed for blacks to achieve racial progress is the focus of an activity in which class groups identify the strategies as well as the benefits and drawbacks.
labor movement, just as Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois did for the movement for The s and Chapter 20, Industry and Empire, present you with the opportunity to help your American factions represented by Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois. Two great leaders of the black community in the late 19th and 20th century were W.E.B.
Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. These men offer different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination facing Black Americans.3/5(4). These two men are both working to achieve a common goal, but the roads on which they’re each traveling to get there differ significantly.
Booker T. Washington and W.E.B.
Du Bois offer different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination facing Black Americans.