Its proper interpretation has been a matter of some difficulty from the time of his death in A partial sample of these controversies is given in 1.
The four virtues can be exercised by any individual as they represent the foundation of natural morality. Thomas Aquinas, prudence is the first main virtue. Prudence assists individuals in making effectual judgments between right and wrong.
Consequently, it may require the individuals to seek for counsel and guidance because of easiness to succumb evil. Undoubtedly, justice, the second virtue, centers on will.
Hardon describes justice as a constant and permanent determination to offer each individual his or her rightful due. Besides, injustice can refer to the unfair treatments of other individuals.
Consequently, the legal rights may in most instances outweigh the natural rights Dalai Lama n. Fortitude, on the other hand, is a gift of the Holy Spirit.
Prudence and justice assist in making correct decisions giving people the strength to implement them. Nevertheless, temperance entails the restraint of our passions and desires. Additionally, temperance assists individuals in balancing their legitimate goods and inordinate ones.
The four cardinal virtues are paramount for human morality and should be the basis of each modern society as well as the pillars of human relations.
Custom Cardinal Virtues Essay.Theological virtues (dealing with the supernatural) and Cardinal virtues (concerned with the natural). A moral virtue by definition avoids extremes by way of the use of human reason, the theological virtues transcend reason.
Because of this reference, a group of seven attributes is sometimes listed by adding the four cardinal virtues (prudence, temperance, fortitude, justice) and three theological virtues (faith, hope, charity).
1 Aquinas and the Ethics of Virtue Thomas Williams Note: This is a preprint of my introduction to the forthcoming translation by Margaret Atkins of Thomas Aquinas’s Disputed Questions on the Virtues (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy).
Aquinas separated virtue into cardinal virtues (natural virtues that can be known through the senses and reason or ethics) and theological virtues (divine virtues that can be partially rationalized and intuited but never fully known or roughly morals).
Aquinas then stated that complete virtues are virtues that combine the two. As such, they are meant to supplement the instructor's lectures on the more general aspects of the treatises on the cardinal virtues.
The idea is that you will be an 'expert' on the questions you summarize. As a cardinal virtue, prudence functions as a principle virtue on which a variety of other excellences hinge.
Those excellences include: memory, intelligence, docility, shrewdness, reason, foresight, circumspection, and caution (ST IIaIIae ).