One might expect the term "demarchy" to have been adopted, by analogy, for the new form of government introduced by Athenian democrats. In present-day use, the term " demarchy " has acquired a new meaning.
Socratic method Perhaps his most important contribution to Western thought is his dialectic method of inquiry, known as the Socratic method or method of "elenchus", which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice.
It was first described by Plato in the Socratic Dialogues. To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions, the answers to which gradually distill the answer a person would seek. The development and practice of this method is one of Socrates's most enduring contributions, and is a key factor in earning his mantle as the father of political philosophyethics or moral philosophy, and as a figurehead of all the central themes in Western philosophy.
The Socratic method has often been considered as a defining element of American legal education.
The Socratic method is a negative method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions.
It was designed to force one to examine one's own beliefs and the validity of such beliefs. An alternative interpretation of the dialectic is that it is a method for direct perception of the Form of the Good.
Philosopher Karl Popper describes the dialectic as "the art of intellectual intuition, of visualising the divine originals, the Forms or Ideas, of unveiling the Great Mystery behind the common man's everyday world of appearances. Hadot writes that "in Plato's view, every dialectical exercise, precisely because it is an exercise of pure thought, subject to the demands of the Logosturns the soul away from the sensible world, and allows it to convert itself towards the Good.
Little in the way of concrete evidence exists to demarcate the two.
The lengthy presentation of ideas given in most of the dialogues may be the ideas of Socrates himself, but which have been subsequently deformed or changed by Plato, and some scholars think Plato so adapted the Socratic style as to make the literary character and the philosopher himself impossible to distinguish.
Others argue that he did have his own theories and beliefs. Consequently, distinguishing the philosophical beliefs of Socrates from those of Plato and Xenophon has not proven easy, so it must be remembered that what is attributed to Socrates might actually be more the specific concerns of these two thinkers instead.
The matter is complicated because the historical Socrates seems to have been notorious for asking questions but not answering, claiming to lack wisdom concerning the subjects about which he questioned others.
When he is on trial for heresy and corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens, he uses his method of elenchos to demonstrate to the jurors that their moral values are wrong-headed.
He tells them they are concerned with their families, careers, and political responsibilities when they ought to be worried about the "welfare of their souls". Socrates's assertion that the gods had singled him out as a divine emissary seemed to provoke irritation, if not outright ridicule.
Socrates also questioned the Sophistic doctrine that arete virtue can be taught. He liked to observe that successful fathers such as the prominent military general Pericles did not produce sons of their own quality.
Socrates argued that moral excellence was more a matter of divine bequest than parental nurture. This belief may have contributed to his lack of anxiety about the future of his own sons.
Also, according to A. Long, "There should be no doubt that, despite his claim to know only that he knew nothing, Socrates had strong beliefs about the divine", and, citing Xenophon's Memorabilia, 1.A time line from before writing began to the present, linked to Andrew Roberts' book Social Science History and to other resources.
A time line from before writing began to the present, linked to Andrew Roberts' book Social Science History and to other resources. initiativeblog.com has been an NCCRS member since October The mission of initiativeblog.com is to make education accessible to everyone, everywhere. Students can save on their education by taking the initiativeblog.com online, self-paced courses and earn widely transferable college credit recommendations for a fraction of the cost of a traditional course.
A history of Epicurus ( B.C. to A.D.) and his ideas, tracing the development of the Epicurean school and the reaction to it in ancient times, and the modern revival of Epicureanism. About the book. A Short History of the Ancient World begins with the Bronze Age and ends with the collapse of the Roman Empire.
Rather than restricting his analysis to the Greek and Roman experience, Rauh introduces students to ancient Africa, Israel, Egypt, Iran, China, and the Indian subcontinent. A history of Ancient Greece (Greeks) from the Dorians to Alexander including their cities, Philosophy, Government, Contributions, rise and decline.
The Phoenicians. Edited By: R. A. Guisepi. History of the Phoenicians including their cities, kings, culture, achievements and contributions to civilization. A history of Epicurus ( B.C. to A.D.) and his ideas, tracing the development of the Epicurean school and the reaction to it in ancient times, and the modern revival of Epicureanism. This 2, year-old translated book (The History of the Peloponnesian War) is a wealth of details for the researcher or historical scholar but difficult to read and comprehend in .